Plants to start indoors in january

Plants to start indoors in january

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In warmer zones, the winter planting window is wide open. You can sow seeds for winter vegetable crops, like salad greens, radishes, carrots, onions, Swiss chard, English peas and kale. Find out what to plant in the winter in your neck of the gardening woods. No matter where you grow, you can be planting something over winter. In areas where the snow flies, the focus primarily shifts indoors, while in warmer regions winter gardens are in full swing.

  • Seed-Starting Date Calculator
  • Sowing Seeds Indoors
  • Seed-Starting Vegetables in January
  • When to Start Seeds Indoors: A Seed-Starting Guide for Low-Desert Vegetables
  • Early Seeds to Start in January
  • Calendar of Home Gardening Chores in Mississippi
  • A beginner’s guide to starting seeds indoors
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: My Top 3 Plants To Grow When Indoor Gardening

Seed-Starting Date Calculator

Starting garden plants from seeds indoors can be an enjoyable project for any gardener. It's a relatively inexpensive way to grow a wide variety of plants. Many garden favorites are found in a greater variety of colors, sizes and growth habits as seeds, rather than as started plants.

Seeds are available from many sources, ranging from your local building supply store to garden centers and mail order catalogs. Their prices can vary greatly. The newest hybrids command higher prices, as do seeds of rare or unusual plants, as well as certified organic seed. Planting and care information is often more complete on name-brand seed packets. If name brand and "off brand" seed varieties are the same for a given flower or vegetable, there shouldn't be any difference in the plants' ultimate quality.

The percentage of germination and seed purity is governed by law. A windowsill is not a good location for starting seeds. Window sills can be the coldest place in the house, especially at night, and then the hottest during the day. Sunlight in Minnesota gains strength through April and May.

But sunlight through a window is relatively weak compared to artificial light sources kept close to the plants. There are also many cloudy days of very low light levels during a Minnesota spring. If you're starting only a few plants and have roomy window sills, a south-facing window may be all the growing space you need.

Start seeds in small, individual containers. It's best to use divided containers with a single seedling per container, rather than filling a larger container with potting mix and sowing many seeds, because the seedlings' roots will grow into each other and are likely to be injured later during transplanting.

There are many kinds of fiber pots made from organic materials such as peat, cow manure, and shredded wood. Some gardeners make pots from strips of newspaper. Fiber or paper pots that break down in the soil are particularly good for raising seedlings that don't transplant well, such as cucumbers and squash. Clear plastic domes that fit over trays of plants allow light in, but help keep moisture from escaping.

They can also help retain heat provided to the root zone. The domes should be removed when the seedlings are tall enough to touch them. Exceptions to using individual containers are onions and leeks from seed. These can be started in one larger flat and transplanted out into the garden while still small without harm to the seedlings. Commercial seed-starting mixes, usually composed of vermiculite and peat, without any true soil, are recommended for starting seeds.

They're sterile, lightweight and free from weed seeds, with a texture and porosity especially suited to the needs of germinating seeds and tiny seedlings. Set the cell flats or containers into a solid tray, fill them with potting mix, and water the mix before sowing seeds. The potting mix will settle down into the containers. Add more potting mix and water again, until the containers or cells are nearly full.

It's much better to grow seedlings under fluorescent lights than to rely solely on natural light, even in a greenhouse. Some brands of lights are sold as "grow lights," designed to provide light in specific ranges required by plants. Standard fixtures with two "cool white" fluorescent tubes per fixture also give plants adequate light and are inexpensive.

A combination of cool white and natural daylight tubes provides good light for plants and is more appealing to people. Plants started indoors will not have been exposed to full sun, wind or fluctuating temperatures. If they are not gradually accustomed to the outdoor environment, a process called "hardening off," their leaves may be scorched by sun or wind. They may even wilt and die. An easy way to harden off plants is to place them in a coldframe, a temporary mini-greenhouse.

Once they have been hardened off, seedlings can be set out in the garden. Transplant on a cloudy day or late afternoon when the sun has passed its peak. Hardened off plants may wilt when first exposed to full sun, but they generally recover within a day or so.

Row covers and other types of plant protectors can help plants get off to a good start in the garden by reducing damage from wind and temperature fluctuations. When transplanting seedlings grown in peat pots, newspaper pots, cow-dung pots or any other containers made of organic matter, trim the collars of the pots down to soil level so they don't wick water away from the root zone.

To encourage roots to spread out into garden soil, carefully cut or tear holes in the bottoms of the pots. All rights reserved. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Home Yard and garden How-to Planting and growing guides Starting seeds indoors. Quick facts When selecting vegetable varieties, check packets for the number of days until harvest to be sure your choices will ripen before frost.

Many long-season vegetables must be started indoors in early spring. Many annual flowers need an indoor start if they are to bloom during the summer. Planning for indoor seed starting. Open all Close all. Buying seed. Avoid the windowsill Most seeds need consistently warm soil to germinate and produce strong roots. Cooler soil temperatures can lead to seedling death due to disease. Excess heat during the day can dry out the potting mix, leading to seedling death.

Windowsill-grown seedlings tend to be excessively tall, with thin, bent stems. Starting seeds on a windowsill can lead to water damage to woodwork. Soilless seed starting mixtures.

When to plant seeds Follow seed packet or catalog instructions, as each species has its own requirements. In Minnesota, annual flowers and heat-loving vegetables such as tomato, pepper and eggplant are usually started in early spring.

Cabbage and broccoli intended for fall crops may be started indoors in June or July. Tiny seeds, such as those of alpine strawberry, may need to be started as early as February. Planting and growing seeds indoors. Sowing seeds Sow fresh seeds individually into each container according to package directions. If you are unsure about seeding depth, a rule of thumb is to plant a seed four times as deep as its width.

Plant a seed deeply enough that three more seeds could be placed directly above it. Identify each container or tray with a tag. Use permanent marker. Some seeds require light to germinate. Cover them with a thin layer of fine vermiculite, porous enough to permit light to penetrate, yet keep the medium moist enough to encourage seed germination.

Place cell packs containing seeds that need darkness for germination in dark plastic bags or cover them with several layers of newspaper until seeds sprout.

When using older seeds with lower germination rates, plant two or more seeds per cell. Once the seedlings have developed true leaves, cut all but the healthiest one off at ground level with scissors.

Avoid separating or pulling the unwanted seedlings as this could damage the roots of the one you want to keep. Bottom heat Providing a constant heat source from underneath can be very beneficial to seedlings. Seeds of most plants started indoors germinate sooner and produce healthier roots when the potting mix is warm. Bottom heat can help to prevent damping off , the death of tiny seedlings due to pathogens at the surface of the potting mix. Electric heating mats specifically for seed starting are available from many garden centers and online suppliers.

If you use a timer for lights above the seedlings, don't plug the heat mats into it. Watering and fertilizing Keep the potting mix moist while the seeds are germinating. A spray bottle to water the surface gently without washing the potting mix out of the containers may be useful.

Water can also be added to the tray and allowed to move up into the mix. In either method, drain excess water that remains or accumulates in the tray, to keep roots healthy. Seedlings draw energy for germination from nutrients stored in the seed. They don't need fertilizer until they have several sets of true leaves. Fertilize only once a week. Water as needed the rest of the week with plain water. Moving seedlings outdoors. Hardening off seedlings Plants started indoors will not have been exposed to full sun, wind or fluctuating temperatures.

Two weeks before planting outdoors, move seedlings outside. Start by putting them outside for a few hours in the shade during the warmth of the afternoon, protected from wind. Bring them back inside before temperatures start to drop at night. Each day, leave the plants out a little longer, and expose them to a little more direct sunshine. By the end of two weeks, unless freezing temperatures are forecast, the seedlings can stay outside in a sunny area until you are ready to transplant them into the garden.

How to use a coldframe An easy way to harden off plants is to place them in a coldframe, a temporary mini-greenhouse. Commercially produced coldframes are available in many designs. Construct a simple coldframe. See Extending the growing season.

Sowing Seeds Indoors

So grab that shovel! Not to mention you can still enjoy freshly harvested vegetables! Here in Phoenix, the cooler months are my best OUTDOOR gardening time and I often grow more delicate vegetables indoors during the summer months where we can get temps in the degrees F. For those of you that live in truly frigid areas you can grow vegetables indoors and increase your gardening season or garden all year round!

January and February are prime times for looking at seed catalogs, dreaming of warm Now is the time to start removing suckers and tying the plants up.

Seed-Starting Vegetables in January

With hundreds of different varieties and types to choose from growing your own vegetables can be hugely rewarding. But where do you start? The best place is at the kitchen table armed with a pencil, calendar and our guide on when to grow vegetables. You can then plan your growing space and your growing calendar to ensure a diverse and manageable harvest of veggies direct from your garden. With plenty of crisp, frosty mornings to contend with only the hardiest of vegetables can be sown outside in January. This doesn't mean that you'll have nothing to do as there are plenty that can be sown indoors. You might even have some crops ready to harvest from the previous season's growth.

When to Start Seeds Indoors: A Seed-Starting Guide for Low-Desert Vegetables

In January and February, the spring and summer may seem a long way off. But when you grow your own food at home, it is important to plan ahead. You may be surprised by how much you can do to prepare for the coming year — even before any hint of spring has appeared. You may already have planted out bare root fruit trees, canes or shrubs , or be considering doing so soon. Perhaps you may also soon start chitting your potatoes for an earlier potato harvest.

With a last frost date as early as March 30th and first frost date as late as October 30th. First and last frost days may vary by 2 weeks or more depending on the weather.

Early Seeds to Start in January

Starting flowers, herbs , and vegetables indoors from seed is a great way to try some unique varieties. For many of us, growing season opens with a long-awaited visit to a local garden center, to elbow our way through the crowd to a seasonal array of peppers and tomatoes , basil and parsley , impatiens and marigolds. We link to vendors to help you find relevant products. If you buy from one of our links, we may earn a commission. Instead of waiting for the ground to warm up enough to plunk established plants into the soil, use the winter months to browse seed catalogs for your climate zone, order an interesting assortment, and start plants indoors, from scratch. This is a nifty method for setting your plants up to water themselves.

Calendar of Home Gardening Chores in Mississippi

Are you "itching" to start your vegetable garden? One way to jump-start the growing season is to start seedlings indoors. There are many advantages to starting your seeds indoors in addition to allowing anxious gardeners to "get their fingers dirty. Many of us wait until the cell packs of tomatoes and peppers are available at the retailer. Starting your own seed allows you to raise the varieties you want and not rely on what the retailers have available. To start your seeds indoors, all you need is a container and tray, potting mix, and labels.

Learn how to start vegetable, flower, and herb seeds indoors with our productivity that starting seeds indoors gives me as winter seems.

A beginner’s guide to starting seeds indoors

Starting garden plants from seeds indoors can be an enjoyable project for any gardener. It's a relatively inexpensive way to grow a wide variety of plants. Many garden favorites are found in a greater variety of colors, sizes and growth habits as seeds, rather than as started plants.

With weeks of winter left to go, now is the perfect opportunity to channel our longing for the gardening season into productive planning! If this will be your first or second year of gardening, this planting calendar for Southern Ontario will certainly come in handy as you plot out your year. Look for a quality grow lamp, heat mat, seed starting mix or starter kit, and of course, your seeds! When it comes to seeds, you may want to purchase them early before popular varieties sell out. Peppers and onions , which can take a long time to mature, can be started indoors in early March. Start tomatoes and cruciferous vegetables like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage in late March to early April.

Not all plants can or should be started from seed indoors.

In the coldest regions, the first weeks of January are the time to begin planning the spring and summer garden. As soon as your plans are set, get seeds ordered. In low frost and frost-free regions of the country, seed starting can get started immediately for planting out in the next four to six weeks. Cool-weather seedlings already started can be set in the garden this month. Two questions: What vegetables, herbs, and small fruits do you like to eat? How much room do you have? How many people will be sharing the harvest?

January is a time of preparation and preventative maintenance in the garden. Browse catalogs, dream of what your garden can become, and do a few things outside on the warmer days. Discard damaged ones.


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