Blackcurrant Pygmy is one of the best varieties on the Russian market

Blackcurrant Pygmy is one of the best varieties on the Russian market


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The Russian market now offers about 200 varieties of black currant, each of which has its own advantages. Therefore, it is worth listening to the opinion of experienced gardeners, who unanimously consider the Pygmy variety to be the best. And if you follow the rules of agricultural technology, the berry bush planted on the site will give excellent yields for many years.

Variety history

Pygmy currant was obtained at the end of the 20th century by V.S. Ilyin at the South Ural Research Institute of Horticulture and Potato Growing by crossing the varieties Bredthorpe and Seedling Golubki. In 1999 it was introduced into the State Register with regional admission for the Volgo-Vyatka, Ural, West Siberian (Novosibirsk region, Tyumen), East Siberian (Trans-Baikal Territory, Krasnoyarsk Territory, Yakutia), Far East (Sakhalin, Khabarovsk, Magadan, Kamchatka, Amur region) districts.

The black currant variety Pygmy was bred at the end of the last century, and since then has been popular with gardeners.

Pygmy - description and characteristics

Despite the name - Pygmy (baby) - the variety is distinguished by large fruits, which attracts gardeners. Among the features, it is worth noting the unprecedented frost resistance - even the harsh Siberian winters are not afraid of the plant. The variety is valued for the very sweet taste of berries and immunity to the main diseases of berry bushes.

The currant forms a medium-sized, slightly spreading bush with straight light pink shoots. The leaves are five-lobed, large, green in color, wrinkled, with a shiny surface without pubescence, with wide denticles along the edges. On a cluster of medium length, there are 6-10 large, pale-colored inflorescences.

Pygmy currant grows as a medium sprawling bush with straight shoots and green foliage

The main advantage of the variety is large sweet berries weighing 2 g, can reach 7.7 g. They have a rounded shape with a thin black skin that is resistant to extreme temperatures. The taste of the fruit received the highest score on a five-point system.

Pygmy is a self-fertile variety, does not need additional pollinators, and gives annual harvests. Mid-season - berries ripen in late June - early July. The variety is fruitful, on average 108 centners per hectare are obtained. Fruiting is long, 30–45 days, depending on the climate.

The variety is resistant to the causative agent of such a common disease as powdery mildew, slightly affected by anthracnose, and relatively resistant to septoria.

The main advantage of the black currant Pygmy is its large, very sweet berries.

Features of planting black currant

The yield of the variety depends on a number of factors that should be considered when planting a Pygmy in a garden plot.

Landing dates

Planting black currants is possible in spring and autumn. But since the growing season begins early, and in early spring, recurrent frosts are frequent, which are detrimental to immature plants, it is preferable to plant them in the fall, from September to mid-October, but no later than 2-3 weeks before the cold weather. Plants from the container are planted throughout the season with the preservation of an earthen coma, while the integrity of the root system is not violated, therefore, their survival rate is good.

Site selection

Black currants will grow in any corner of the garden, but good yields can only be obtained when grown in elevated light areas. Cold air stagnates in the lowlands, the soil thaws for a long time in spring, and with prolonged rains, water accumulates, which provokes decay of roots and the development of fungal infections.

For Pygmy currants, choose an area protected from the wind by a fence or hedge

It is recommended to plant bushes along the fence to protect them from the gusts of the north wind, so that they do not cast a shadow on each other, but are evenly illuminated by the sun. Leave 1–2 m between the plants. With a thickened planting, the berries become smaller and less sweet, and it is much more difficult to care for such bushes.

The berry shrub bears fruit better on sandy loam and loamy soils with neutral acidity. In strongly acidic soils, before planting, 500 g of lime / m2 is applied.

Important! The pygmy will grow well in areas where potatoes, corn, rye, and legumes were grown last season. But after berry crops, you should not plant it.

The variety does not need additional pollinators, but experienced gardeners note that the presence of a number of other types of black currant (Lucia, Yadrenoy, Bagira) contributes to an increase in yield.

Pygmy is a fruitful variety, especially if other types of black currant are planted nearby.

Landing rules

The plot is prepared 2–3 weeks before planting: it is dug up, leveled, weeds are removed and, if necessary, the soil is deoxidized.

Step by step process

  1. At a distance of 1–1.5 m from each other, holes are dug 40 cm deep and 50 cm wide.
  2. Fertile garden soil is mixed with 1 bucket of humus, 200 g of superphosphate, 10 g of potassium nitrate, 300 g of ash and poured into the bottom of the pit.
  3. The plant is planted at an inclination of 45 degrees so that the root collar is 15 cm below ground level - this planting contributes to the rapid growth of new shoots.

    A currant seedling is lowered into a hole so that the root collar is 15 cm below the surface of the earth

  4. They fill the hole with nutritious soil, slightly shaking the seedling so that the earth fills all the voids, tamp it.
  5. A circular watering hole is made around the bush and 10 liters of water are added to it.

    After planting, the seedling is well moisturized

  6. Mulch the soil with hay, straw 8 cm thick to protect the roots from overheating and retain moisture.
  7. Shoots are cut by 2/3, leaves are completely removed.

Selection of seedlings

It is advisable to buy seedlings in shopping centers or nurseries, where you can also get professional advice on the rules of cultivation. You should not take risks and buy them from hands from random sellers, without being able to check whether the plant is healthy and for what climatic zone it is zoned. One-two-year-old seedlings should be chosen.

  • The annual currant has only 1-2 shoots up to 25 cm in height, 1-2 roots 15 cm long and many fibrous thin roots.
  • A two-year-old seedling has branches up to 40 cm, straight and flexible, if you scrape the bark, you can see the green flesh. The root system should be well developed, consisting of 3-5 lignified roots 20 cm long and fibrous filiform roots.

    A blackcurrant seedling must have a well-developed root system.

  • The roots should be yellow-brown in color, free from damage and signs of rot, not sluggish. They are usually treated with a clay mash before being sold to prevent drying out.
  • If the plant has a closed root system, you should ask to remove it from the container: the earthen ball should be solid and entwined with roots.

Advice. Before planting, the seedling should be kept in a solution with Kornevin for 2 hours for better rooting.

Experienced gardeners plant annual plants in one hole in pairs, tilting them in opposite directions, which allows them to form a strong bush over time.

Video: how to plant black currants

Care secrets

Pygmy is an unpretentious variety, but this does not mean that it is enough to simply plant and forget it. Only with timely watering and feeding, annual pruning and preventive treatment against diseases can we expect good yields.

Watering is necessary

Currants need watering, especially during the period of ovary formation: the amount of moisture affects not only the harvest of the current year, but also the future. In a drought, in the absence of watering, the leaves dry, the berries become small and crumble. Water the currants 2-3 times a week, adding water with a bucket or watering can into the irrigation grooves, moistening the soil to a depth of 30-50 cm. In extreme heat, it is preferable to use the sprinkling method so that not only the roots, but also the leaves are saturated with moisture. Moreover, watering should be carried out not during the sun, in the evening hours.

In the evening, after the sun, the bushes should be well moistened with a hose

However, an excess of moisture often leads to the occurrence of fungal diseases, therefore, the plants should be watered in dosage, and during prolonged rains, stop altogether. They do not moisturize the currants even when the berries are ripe, in order to prevent them from cracking.

Fertilizers for currants

Pygmy grows well and bears large fruits when grown on fertilized soilve. The nutrients introduced during planting are quite enough for the plant in the first season. The next year, in early spring, currants are fed with urea (40 g 10 l), chicken droppings (100 g 10 l). Nitrogen fertilizers promote vigorous shoot growth.

By the way. Experienced gardeners use potato peelings as top dressing: boil them, dilute them a little in water and pour them under the bush. Potato peel contains many useful microelements (phosphorus, fluorine, iron, potassium, magnesium), which are so necessary for currants for growth and fruiting.

When forming ovaries, 2 tbsp is scattered under the bush. tablespoons of organic mineral fertilizer Gumi-Omi, followed by loosening or fertilizing watering (3 tablespoons / 5 l) every 2 weeks. For a balanced diet, it is recommended to carry out foliar feeding once a month with a Unifor-micro solution (1 ml / 10 l). At the end of the season, currants are fertilized with humus (10 kg) with the addition of 20 g of potassium sulfate and 50 g of superphosphate, 300 g of ash per m2.

Complex fertilizer Gumi-omi consists of compost and many useful trace elements necessary for black currant

Advice. You can use green fertilizer: sow green manure (lupine, peas, mustard) in the aisles, mow the grass in autumn and embed it in the soil. By the spring, the grass mass will grind and turn into a fertilizing rich in microelements.

Loosening and mulching

The soil around the currant bushes must be weeded and loosened throughout the season.

Mulching the trunk circle will not only avoid the growth of weeds, but also keep the soil moist for a long time

Since the location of the roots is superficial, loosening is carried out carefully, to a depth of 8 cm. You can facilitate the care by mulching the soil with humus, sawdust. The mulch layer prevents the growth of weeds, keeps the soil moist longer, it is enough just to add mulch when necessary.

Bush formation

They begin to form a bush immediately after planting, shortening the branches, which contributes to the growth of lateral shoots. In the future, throughout life, pruning is carried out, which is necessary for better lighting, airing the bush, ripening berries, as well as preventing the development of diseases and the appearance of pests.

Important. When pruning, it should be remembered that the most productive are two- and three-year-old shoots.

Bushes must be fenced so that the branches do not fall to the ground. In the second year, in early spring, the intertwining branches, broken, dry, are removed. Leave 3-4 strong first-order shoots and shorten them by 10 cm.

In the third year, 5 strong new shoots are left at the overgrown bush - the fresh growth is distinguished by a lighter color. They are also shortened. The rest of the processes are removed completely.

In the fourth year, 5 strong basal shoots are left, shortened to stimulate branching. A well-formed bush should have 15 skeletal branches of different ages.

In the future, rejuvenating pruning is carried out, removing old shoots, leaving straight and strong ones from young ones. The drooping branches are trimmed in length with the strongest annual vertical shoot. Such pruning will increase the life of the berry shrub up to 20 years.

At the 4th year of life, they finish forming a bush, then annually they carry out anti-aging pruning

In the fall, diseased and dried branches are removed. If the currant bush is severely affected by the disease, complete rejuvenation is carried out - all shoots are completely cut off, and after a while root growth will appear.

Reproduction

Black currants multiply easily, you can just bend the branch to the ground, fix it with a bracket and sprinkle it with earth. The next year, the shoot with regrown roots is separated from the bush. Soon it will give new growth and grow rapidly.

Currants are propagated by cuttings: in the spring, cuttings are cut, soaked in Epin and planted in a greenhouse, be sure to watered and ventilated. After rooting, the film is removed, but the moisture of the soil is monitored. In the fall, the matured plant is transplanted.

Black currant propagates well by cuttings, which are first planted in a greenhouse, and then, when roots are formed, they are transplanted to a permanent place

Video: propagation of black currant by cuttings

Preparing for winter

Adult pygmy bushes tolerate cold winters well, do not freeze even at -32 ° C and do not need additional insulation. But for the winter, the plants must be prepared: carry out water-charging watering (2-3 buckets per bush), clear the soil around the currants from weeds and mulch with humus, sawdust. It will not be superfluous to tie the bush with twine so that the branches do not break under the weight of the snow cover.

In the first winter, young plants can be covered with agrofibre, and in winter you can pick up snow - a fluffy snow blanket will reliably protect the roots from freezing.

To prevent the branches from breaking under the weight of snow, in late autumn the bush is tied with twine

Disease prevention

The Pygmy variety is resistant to disease, but in adverse conditions, especially in rainy summers, the risk of infection remains.

Table: diseases

Photo gallery: diseases

Table: pests

Photo gallery: parasitic insects

Pests and insecticide plants planted in the aisle will be scared off: anise, dill, celery, basil, sage, fennel, tagetes, calendula.

Testimonials

Currant Pygmy is a favorite variety of many gardeners. Among the advantages are high yield, frost resistance, disease resistance, unpretentiousness, and most importantly - large and very sweet berries with a wonderful taste and healing properties.

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Black currant pygmy

The Pygmy currant was bred not so long ago, but has already received numerous positive reviews. Prized for its ease of care, numerous culinary uses, and a source of beneficial micronutrients. In terms of vitamin C content, it surpasses lemon by 4 times.

  1. Breeding history of the variety
  2. Description of the variety of currant Pigmy
  3. Characteristics of the variety
  4. Drought resistance, frost resistance
  5. Yield
  6. Application area
  7. Disease and pest resistance
  8. Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
  9. Currant planting rules
  10. Recommended timing
  11. Choosing the right place
  12. Selection and preparation of planting material
  13. Landing algorithm
  14. Follow-up care for currants
  15. Breeding methods for currants
  16. Diseases and pests, methods of control and prevention
  17. Conclusion
  18. Testimonials

Watch the video: Meet Clark Smith, Author, Musician, and Winemaker Extraordinaire