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Articles on: Questions and Answers
Dwarf cloverThe dwarf clover is a particular species, here are some tips from an expert starting from a question from a reader looking for information on sowing this species
Secular olive treeA secular olive tree is an old plant and therefore not very capable of reacting to disturbances; let's see what are the possible scenarios if you decide to transplant an olive tree
VolesVoles are animals that can create serious problems in the land or in the gardens if they are present in an exaggerated number ... let's find out together how to limit their presence
Mosquito repellent plantsMany people, when the first heat arrives and the first mosquitoes are born, go in search of anti-mosquito plants that in a completely natural way, remove mosquitoes from the garden ... let's see which ones
Secular olive tree transplantHello, I would need to know if the olive trees, both secular and not, can be cut down, or else
Dangerous forassacus for dogsI have a kind of lawn that is dedicated to my two dogs, but a green grass grows that makes spikes
Mushrooms on the sod grass
Soil consolidating lawnto avoid landslides and consolidate a land recently settled with fill earth like this
Meadow on EtnaHi, I would like to plant a rustic lawn in my garden located on Etna at about 800 m a.s.l., and I would like
LandslideHi :) I have a house perched on a promontory and I have noticed that in recent years the land (rip
Dry soilI would like to arrange in my garden some plants or shrubs that bloom and give it some c
by alex5e5 (High Schools) written on 01.12.17
1) Does the ideational or informative tone prevail?
2) What does Bassani want to indicate to today's reader?
1) Phrases extracted from the pages:
"for me and for Alberto himself"
"fascism. sudden illness"
"fascism. treacherously attacks"
"for us two"
"Italy liberal. All beautiful and all holy"
"Liberal Italy. Miraculous product"
"Evil. Absence of people's participation".
Concept obtained: both the first and the second are present, even if the ideational one prevails (because, from a visual point of view, it is put in the foreground with respect to the informative tone).
2) Possible messages from Giorgio Bassani to today's reader:
incitement to education
Offer equal opportunities to all.
A veil of sympathy emerges for democracy and for the enhancement of political rights granted to citizens (such as the right to vote).
Aims and purposes:
Preserving world peace, maintaining and advancing the human species.
General information on vaccination for COVID-19
1. Who should I contact to get vaccinated?
The vaccination campaign will take place in several successive phases, citizens will be invited to carry out vaccination in an order of priority defined by the risk for people of becoming infected and developing the disease with serious consequences and by the social function of some professional categories (teachers , police) of the elderly (over 65) and finally of the entire remaining population. In the initial phase, vaccination was reserved for healthcare personnel and staff and guests of the residences for the elderly, while the second phase of the vaccination plan with graduated priorities for people with serious illnesses and the elderly under eighty years began in February. At the same time, the vaccination of social services staff (law enforcement and teachers) began.
2. How is the absence of contraindications detected?
Before vaccination, healthcare personnel ask the person to be vaccinated a series of precise and simple questions, using a standardized form. If the health worker detects significant answers to the questions, he evaluates whether the vaccination can be carried out or postponed. In addition, the operator checks for the presence of contraindications or special precautions, as also reported in the vaccine data sheet.
3. How much does the vaccination cost?
Vaccination is free for everyone.
4. Is it possible to get vaccinated privately for a fee?
No, the vaccines currently available will only be used in the facilities defined by the Vaccine Plan and will not be available in pharmacies or in the private market. It is highly not recommended to try to obtain the vaccine by alternative means or on the internet. These channels do not give any guarantee on the quality of the product, which could be, as well as ineffective, dangerous for health.
5. How to prevent risks for the operator?
Like any invasive health procedure, the injection of vaccines also has a minimal risk because it manipulates pointed objects such as needles: despite repeated national, European and WHO guidelines and regulations, the risk from syringe puncture still has substantial numbers in the country, it is therefore advisable to recall the Legislative Decree 19 February 2014, n. 19 which offers rules for the prevention of these risks and in particular Article 286 sexies expressly prohibits the re-capping of the needle after injection and the immediate rejection of the entire syringe with needle in the appropriate puncture-proof containers.
6. Will there be a vaccine for everyone?
The Italian government, through European procedures, has booked the purchase of over two hundred million doses of COVID-19 vaccines from six different manufacturers, further purchase negotiations are underway. There will be no free choice on which vaccine to prefer: the vaccine available at the time and place will be offered by the vaccination services in full guarantee of equivalent safety and efficacy.
7. Will only Italian citizens be vaccinated?
According to the priority scheme defined in the Vaccines Plan, all people present on Italian territory, residents, with or without a residence permit pursuant to Article 35 of the Consolidated Law on Immigration, will be vaccinated.
8. What documents are required for vaccination?
A valid identity document and health card. It may also be useful to have any health documentation with you that can help the vaccinator to assess the physical state.
9. What documents are required to vaccinate people (Italian and foreign) in conditions of social fragility?
On the basis of the provisions of article 32 of the Italian Constitution and of the provisions of article 35 of the Consolidated Law on immigration, any document (not necessarily valid) that shows the identity of the person to be vaccinated can be accepted. and / or Health Card - EHIC Card (European Health Assistance Card) - STP Code (Temporarily Present Foreigner) - ENI Code (European Not Enrolled). In the absence of any document, the personal data declared by the person and an indication of any body / structure / association of reference will be recorded. It may also be useful to have any health documentation with you that can help the vaccinator to assess the physical state.
10. Who develops a reaction to the administration of the vaccine to whom can communicate it?
The reporting of any reaction to the administration of the vaccine can be made to your family doctor or to the ASL you belong to, as is the case for any drug, according to the national pharmacovigilance system that has been active for some time throughout the country. Additionally, anyone can report a vaccine adverse reaction firsthand using the forms published on the AIFA website. For more details, see the section on pharmacovigilance on COVID-19 vaccines.
11. Variants of the SARS-CoV-2 virus have been reported: will vaccines also be effective against these variants?
RNA viruses such as SARS-CoV-2 are subject to frequent mutations, the majority of which do not significantly alter the structure, components and behavior of the virus. The variants reported so far in England, Brazil and South Africa are the result of a series of protein mutations on the surface of the virus and evaluations are underway on the effects that these may have on the progress of the epidemic and on the effectiveness of vaccination.
12. Why can't I choose the vaccine I prefer?
Vaccination against the virus that causes COVID-19 is a recognized right for everyone, however the risk of contracting the virus and developing the disease in a severe form is not the same for all people, and, currently, the availability of doses it is not the same for all vaccines. Therefore, precisely to ensure maximum equity, it is necessary to follow a strategic plan that takes into account all needs and conditions. The strategic plan for COVID-19 vaccination was developed by the Ministry of Health, ed it can be consulted here.
13. How many doses can be obtained from each vial?
According to the opinion expressed by the Technical Scientific Commission on March 4, 2021, the opportunity is emphasized to try to obtain as many doses as possible from each vial of vaccine, without prejudice to the guarantee of injecting each subject with the correct dose and the availability of syringes. adequate.
It is understood that any residues from different vials cannot be mixed.
Conditions for vaccination
1. Who has already had a COVID-19 infection, confirmed by molecular test, must or can be vaccinated?
People with previous SARS-CoV-2 infection confirmed by molecular or antigen test, regardless of whether with symptomatic COVID-19 or not, are vaccinated with a single dose of vaccine after at least 3 months but no later than 6 months after a positive infection. . Except:
People with immunodeficiency (including those receiving immunosuppressive therapy), who should be vaccinated with a full two-dose vaccine course within the first 3 months of being diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 infection.
Those who develop SARS-CoV-2 infection after the first dose of vaccine, as they should not receive the second dose on schedule but preferably at the 6th month after recovery.
The futility of serological or molecular tests before and after vaccination is reiterated.
2. Should people who become infected with COVID-19 after receiving the first dose of the vaccine have to receive the second dose?
In the majority of the population, the first dose of vaccine evokes an initial immune response that confers only partial protection. This begins, depending on the type of vaccine, about 2-3 weeks after the first dose, thus keeping the risk of COVID-19 still consistent, albeit reduced. The second dose of vaccine is therefore necessary to increase the immune response and obtain optimal vaccine protection. In the case of people with SARS CoV 2 infection / disease confirmed by a third generation molecular or antigen test after the first dose of the vaccine, the infection itself represents a powerful boost to the immune system that adds to that provided by the first dose of vaccine. In light of this and the fact that natural infection confers a specific immune response to the virus, it is not recommended to administer the second vaccine dose to these people. Partial vaccination and subsequent infection do not preclude a possible recall of COVID-19 vaccination in the future, if data on the duration of immune protection indicate this need.
3. Can people with chronic diseases, diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease be vaccinated?
These are precisely the people most at risk of a serious evolution in the event of infection from SARS-CoV-2, and therefore priority will be given to them in the invitation to vaccination.
4. Can people with respiratory allergies (rhinitis, conjunctivitis, bronchial asthma) be vaccinated with mRNA vaccines or with the COVID-19 Vaccine AstraZeneca vaccine?
People who suffer or have suffered from respiratory allergy can get vaccinated, remaining under observation, like everyone, for 15 minutes after the injection. Any ongoing antiallergic treatment, including specific immunotherapy, must not be suspended.
5. Can people with severe persistent bronchial asthma get vaccinated?
For those suffering from severe persistent bronchial asthma, vaccination under medical supervision in a protected environment (hospital) is recommended. In case of uncontrolled asthma, the administration of the vaccine should be postponed until the clinical situation is again under control.
6. Can people with food allergies get vaccinated?
People with food allergies can get vaccinated by remaining under observation, like everyone, for 15 minutes after the injection. Anyone who has previously experienced severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis) to food must remain under medical supervision for 60 minutes. If severe persistent bronchial asthma is associated with food allergy, vaccination should be performed in a protected environment (hospital).
7. Can people with allergies to drugs or their ingredients be vaccinated?
People with drug allergies can get vaccinated by remaining under observation, like everyone, for 15 minutes after the injection. Anyone who has previously experienced severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis) to drugs must remain under medical supervision for at least 60 minutes. If severe persistent bronchial asthma is associated with drug allergy, vaccination should be performed in a protected environment (hospital). People with SEVERE allergy to the excipients polysorbate, polyethylene glycol (PEG), macrogol should not receive the COVID-19 vaccine but should be referred to an allergy specialist experienced in drug and vaccine allergy.
8. Can people with contact allergies (dermatitis) be vaccinated?
People with a history of contact dermatitis can get vaccinated, being observed, like everyone, for 15 minutes after the injection.
9. Can people who have experienced a severe allergic or non-allergic adverse reaction to the first administration of one of the available COVID-19 vaccines receive the second dose?
NO, people with a history of severe, allergic and non-allergic reactions, at the first dose, must NOT undergo the second dose, but must contact a reference center with experience on reactions to vaccinations, for specialist information.
10. Can people with mastocytosis get vaccinated?
For the vaccination of people with mastocytosis it is recommended, as with routine vaccines, oral anti-histamine coverage from 1 day before to 5 days after vaccination, and to remain under medical supervision for at least 30 minutes after the vaccination. 'injection. In case of previous anaphylactic reactions from any substance, the observation period should be extended to 60 minutes.
11. Can people with celiac disease or organ-specific autoimmune diseases (eg Hashimoto's thyroiditis) be vaccinated?
People with celiac disease or organ-specific autoimmune diseases can get vaccinated, as these diseases are not a contraindication to vaccination.
12. Can people on anticoagulants be vaccinated?
People on anticoagulant therapy can perform the vaccination without stopping the current treatment. Vaccination must be performed before taking the therapy. For intramuscular injection, the use of a fine needle (less than or equal to 23 gauge) is recommended and compression must be performed on the injection site for 5 minutes. A check of the injection area after 2-4 hours is recommended to check for any hematoma.
13. Can people with coagulation disorders be vaccinated?
In people with coagulation disorders (eg haemophilia, Von Willebrand disease) the risk of bleeding should be carefully assessed before administering intramuscular vaccines. Whenever possible, disease control should be optimized prior to vaccination. In patients on replacement therapy, vaccination should be scheduled shortly after therapy administration.
For intramuscular injection, the use of a fine needle (25-27 gauge) is recommended and compression must be performed on the injection site for at least 10 minutes. A check of the injection area after 2-4 hours is recommended to check for any hematoma.
14. Can people with documented immunodeficiency or autoimmune diseases be vaccinated?
People with autoimmune diseases who have no contraindications can receive the vaccine.
Data relating to use in immunosuppressed people (whose immune system is weakened) are limited in number. While these people may not respond as well to the vaccine, there are no particular safety concerns. Immunocompromised people can be vaccinated, with the most effective vaccine, as they may be at high risk for COVID-19.
Coronavirus, bans in the red areas: questions and answers
DELIVERY OF GOODS
The movement of goods is ensured according to the established rules. Trucks and heavy vehicles carrying these goods can travel in the territories indicated by the government decree.
No problem for public transport, taking care to respect the distance of one meter between the passengers present. In case of crowding, it is advisable to wait for the next bus or vehicle.
Yes to cycling without problems. The “droplet” rule applies. It is essential to maintain a safe distance between cyclists, paying attention to gatherings between riders.
AMATEUR SPORTS TRAINING
Amateur outdoor training is allowed. Even in this case, however, it is essential to take into account the distance rules if you are in a group. Individual training is better.
TRANSIT IN RED ZONES
Green light to transit through the "red zones" to reach two locations outside the provision - such as from Rovigo to Belluno - only for proven work needs or serious certified reasons.
In the shopping centers on weekends only the “food” departments are open while all the other merchandise activities are closed. Retail stores remain open in our cities.
PARENTS AND CHILDREN AWAY
In the case of parents with children in another province, the principle of necessity applies. Visits to family members are permitted only by gravity attested to by the control. To avoid the pleasure visit.
Even if you have booked a holiday "outside" the red zone in the near future it is advisable to give it up. In practice it is necessary to say goodbye to the "white weeks". Moreover, plants (almost) closed.
DINNERS WITH COLLEAGUES
Lunch with colleagues is allowed, keeping the distances between tables and diners established by the decree. No dinners given the norm of public establishments closed at 6pm.
Medical examinations are allowed only for reasons of necessity and proven health reasons. In cases where these visits are not considered indispensable they must be postponed.
Farewell to trips out of town. Nothing is allowed for leisure with the classic weekend "excursion". Better to stay in your place of residence and take a walk.
Questions and Answers - garden
For those who love small jobs in the garden or in the vegetable garden
Cristiano asks for information on pruning and the timing of the first flowering. Here they are:
"Breeding" pruning of citrus fruits: it is aimed at thinning the branches so that the plant has regular brightness in all its parts and develops naturally in a "globular shape".
Citrus fruit "production" pruning: it must be carried out in the period between the fruit harvest and the new flowering. It is practiced inside the canopy to thin out the fruiting branches, cutting the branches that are too vigorous that would prevent the lighting of the internal parts, and adjusting the "suckers" according to the new production, the development in height must always be adjusted according to the penetration of light to all parts of the plant.
Lemons produce after 4/5 years from planting, this does not prevent them from making some flowers even earlier if the climate, soil and exposure are favorable.
Andrea asks if he should cut the branches that have sprung up inside his lemon: the lemon plants should be allowed to develop in the most natural way possible, with a few pruning interventions that aim to thin out the branches to ensure the lighting. all parts of the plant, as it is also said further on. Opinions are very different on pruning, because there are those who fear that it could damage the plant and make its life shorter.
Gianni asks when to "graft" his lemon tree that has become "wild".
The grafts can be of various types and each has its own privileged period. For lemons, the dormant bud grafting is to be preferred in spring. There are specialized companies that provide the necessary material with the essential information on use.
Lemons and other citrus fruits at home: it is possible with some attention. First of all, make sure you buy healthy plants (perhaps certified), place them in a cool and sheltered bright place. In fact, they fear frost (in the north they cannot stay outdoors in the winter months) and the excessive heat of the apartments, which causes the leaves to fall. The plants should be watered once a week (however check that the soil remains moist and without stagnation of water) and fertilized at least twice a year with specific fertilizer. In the summer they will be displayed on the terrace or balcony.
Simona writes: "Hello everyone,
I have a balcony about 10 m long and just over 1 m wide . facing south / west, with full sun from lunchtime to sunset, I am in a village of Amiata, in the province of Grosseto, about 600 m. altitude and in winter the night temperatures can even reach -7 °, with the possibility of snowfalls.
I would like to know which plants I could grow and how I should behave when the winter season starts again.
I specify that if necessary, for the winter months, I could insert transparent plasticglass panels in a corner of the balcony to create a kind of "small greenhouse" to protect the most delicate plants or move some of them into the house.
I have already bought about ten "Parisian" and "ivy" geraniums, bidens and verbene for the balcony boxes. "
The choice already made should give good results if you like them, why not add the beautiful nasturtiums, the marigold or the godetie: there is still time for the sowing which, staggered, prolongs the flowering.
Mauro asks when and how how to prune the geraniums.
The geraniums are pruned in April, after the night frosts and before taking them outside. Indications will be given with the works of that month. Meanwhile, in March they can be repotted with fresh soil.
Elvira asks how kiwis are planted, but does not give any information on the specific situation.
The rules are those of planting medium-sized plants, verified that the soil and climate are suitable. The problem of the relationship between the number of male and female plants should be considered, as mentioned above. In the absence of an adequate ratio, artificial pollination is used.
Paolo has five kiwi plants, one female (weak and stunted) and four males (lush plants). This year alone, after four years from the plant, four fruits have been born: he asks what to do to improve production.
For optimal production not only the Male / Female ratio of 1M to 6-8F must be guaranteed, as the reader has already done, but the necessary nutritional elements such as iron or nitrogen and good lighting must be ensured to the plants.
Angela asks if 600 meters above sea level are suitable for kiwi plants, when to plant the plants and at what distance: it is important that the area where the plants are to be planted has a mild climate, is sheltered and well exposed to the sun to favor the ripening of the fruits, the plants must be planted in the autumn-winter period and the distance may depend on the type of orchard to be created, for example if it is a "domestic" type with few plants that will be treated in a manual or if produced with mechanical interventions.
Roberta has two kiwi plants, a male and a female, in the garden by the sea after three years the first fruits finally grow, but they remain hard and do not ripen.
To the information already given we can add that the kiwis in the Italian regions ripen between October and November, their characteristic is their hardness (which allows them to be stored and transported) combined with good acidity and high sugar content because the fruits ripen in an optimal way. it needs not only light - and at the same time protection from the too violent rays of the sun - but also a lot of relative humidity and irrigation (for this reason the ideal position is that in the vicinity of lakes and rivers). If these conditions are met, the fruits will become "edible".
To know more: G. BONFANTE, Actinidia: cultivation techniques, Ed. The green house, Verona 1988.
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Questions and answers
Access with Federa account starting from 30/03/2020
From 30 March 2020 it is necessary to increase the level of reliability by following the following procedure:
- from federa.lepida.it click "log in" at the top, then proceed with
- Increase policy level The user chooses the new policy level
- and select the "Modify" button the system displays the message to the user that the requested operation has been carried out successfully The system reminds the user that at the next login it will be necessary to change the password and choose one consistent with the new policy level .
- enter your profile from http://federa.lepida.it
- click on "increase Password policy"
- select "Personal Data" or "Sensitive Data" (choice of your competence)
- the next time you log in you will have to change your password
Why is a CF reported "invalid"?
The system checks if the Tax Code is correct. The CF must be entered without white spaces. Any errors could be generated by the use of copy / paste or by the incorrect insertion of a character. To check the tax codes it is useful to use the function available on the nonsoloCAP.it website.
What are the attachment upload and storage limits?
The upload limit for a single file is about 30 Mb.
When transmitting attachments to the archiving system, the total attachment limit is approximately 200 Mb per sending.
If this limit prevents acceptance after the first submission of the file, and therefore the opening of the file, it will be necessary to perform the first submission again with a "packet" of data of less than 200Mb, and subsequently complete the practice, after acceptance by part of the SUE / SUAP, using the function of sending voluntary integrations.
A file exceeds the upload limits. What can I do to overcome the problem?
To decrease the file size it is necessary to modify the Pdf file before affixing the digital signature.
If the document is divided into several chapters, it is possible to divide the document into several parts. For example, create a separate document for the photographic documentation initially included in the calculation report. It is possible to reduce the size of the photos before inserting them in the editor, by setting a resolution between 200 and 300 dpi according to the degree of detail necessary to view the contents both on screen and in print.
It is possible to decrease the resolution of the PDF, making sure later that the details are visible correctly. When printing on Pdf open "Properties", then in the "print settings" tab choose the resolution.
How can I submit a case that exceeds the 200 Mb limit?
The SIS does not prevent the professional from sending files greater than 200Mb. The blocking takes place at the time of Acceptance by the SUE / SUAP Municipal Desk as at the time of acceptance the SIS tries to open, unsuccessfully, the file on the filing system.
If the file exceeds a total of 200 Mb, proceed with a first sending by selecting a part of the attachments so as not to exceed the limit. Following the acceptance of the file by the SUE / SUAP of the Municipality, therefore when the file status becomes "Accepted" (or Filed / Archived if it is a deposit), it is possible to integrate what has been transmitted with the remaining documentation, by means of the "Voluntary Integration" feature (Video guide - How to submit voluntary additions, YouTube, 2:07 minutes). With the voluntary integration, the documentation sent is automatically archived in the file previously opened following the first sending.
Why can't I view a digitally signed file?
Often a correctly signed PDF file, therefore in .p7m format, cannot be opened directly with Adobe Reader. In order to view the content of the PDF it is necessary to extract it with the use of an application for verifying the digital signature.
However, it is possible to avoid the error when opening with Adobe Reader, saving the final file in an Adobe 5.0 format, before digitally signing it.
Why can't I log in with a FEDERA account issued by an Identity Manager?
L'account deve essere di livello alto (è necessaria un’autenticazione forte dell’utente) con parametro TRUSTLEVEL=alto, e una gestione delle policy delle password conforme alle misure minime per il trattamento dei dati personali che FedERa identifica nel parametro POLICYLEVEL= Medio (o superiore). (Video guida - Come accedere al SIS, TouTube, 1:42 minuti)
Perche non riesco ad accedere con smart card attraverso FEDERA?
è necessario accertarsi che il certificato della smart card sia presente in Explorer, quindi per visualizzare certificati di protezione deve seguire questa procedura:
- In Internet Explorer fare clic sul pulsante Strumenti e quindi su Opzioni Internet.
- Fare clic sulla scheda Contenuto.
- In Certificati fare clic su Certificati o Autori per visualizzare l'*elenco dei certificati* provenienti da una Autorità di certificazione disponibile nell’elenco locale.
- Dopo aver visualizzato le informazioni, fare clic su Chiudi e quindi su OK.
se il certificato della smart card non è presente nella lista, deve importarlo quindi contattare il fornitore della smart card per avere i dettagli di come farlo.
Per altre problematiche legate alla fase di autenticazione consultare la pagina delle domande (e le relative risposte) più frequentemente poste dagli utenti riguardanti FedERa, raccolte nella sezione Documentazione Utente: faq .