Fuchsia (Fuchsia): language of flowers and plants

Fuchsia (Fuchsia): language of flowers and plants

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There are many names that have been attributed to this incredible plant for its beauty and grace: trumpets, bells of Heaven ... The English call them Ladies' eardrops that is, «lady's earrings» because they recall graceful earrings due to their pendant shape.

Charles Plumier was a French Franciscan friar who in 1693, noticing them while he was in Mexico, once returned to Europe drew them thus revealing their existence and calling them Fuchsia, in honor of Leonhart Fuchs, a Bavarian doctor who in the previous century had made a of the most important herbaria in Europe. However, it was in the following century that this beautiful plant began to become fashionable and to be present in the living rooms and gardens of the houses.

Its meaning is linked to grace, delicacy, kindness, fragility, delicate touch and the predominant color of its flowers between pink and violet has given rise to the name of the fuchsia color.

Pruning Fuchsia Plants - Find out how and when to prune Fuchsias

Fuchsia is a wonderful plant that offers drooping blooms in jewel colors for much of the summer. While maintenance is generally not involved, regular pruning is sometimes required to keep your fuchsia vibrant and thriving at its best. There are many different ideas on how and when to prune fuchsias, and a lot depends on the type of plant and the climate. We have provided some tips to get you started.

Fuchsia, fuchsia - care and wintering

Fuchsia, this colorful plant with the typical hanging flower head, is one of the most popular balcony and container plants. A particularly striking feature is their protruding sepals and relatively long calyx. Although this plant is considered to be relatively easy to maintain, you should still consider some aspects in terms of care, location and above all hibernation. If Fuchsia receives proper care and treatment, you can enjoy its colorful splendor for a long time.
Getting ready for winter
Although fuchsia is at home in sun-drenched Central and South America, it prefers a shady, shady spot in the summer. Already in May they are allowed outside in the fresh air, but they should be able to find sufficient protection on the terrace and balcony from heavy rain or gusty wind. Fuchsia loves temperatures around 20 degrees Celsius and needs a lot of nutrients. Therefore, they should be watered regularly from spring to autumn with liquid fertilizer. However, with autumn, the rest period will gradually end and the hibernation period will begin. In order for you to enjoy your plants again every year, you should be very careful. Like many of its members, fuchsia needs a sufficient rest period during the winter so that it can regain strength for new shoots. Preparing for this, you should stop fertilizing at the end of August. In addition, the plants now need less water and irrigation water can be reduced a little from September. As there may still be warm days in the fall, care should be taken that the root bales do not dry out. On stormy and rainy days, you should place fuchsias in sheltered areas.
Cold and frosty nights
Preparing for hibernation is important so that the plant can stop flowering very slowly. In addition, in this way, it also provided for a lignification of soft shoots. Let the fuchsias stay outdoors for as long as possible. So you have enough time to throw the leaves away. If there is a risk of frost on some nights, it is possible to protect the plants with a tarp. Should it happen that the fuchsias froze on ice on a cold night, nothing is lost for a long time. Generously shorten the plant and then reduce it in winter quarters. Most of the time it recovers and brings new impulses into the new year.
The rest time
Around November, you should start cleaning up fuchsias in their winter quarters. Help plants remove old foliage by gently removing flowers, fruit stems, buds or fruit. Although fuchsia is relatively sturdy and easy to maintain, it is not safe from some pests. The most common infestation is caused by:

  • Green aphids,
  • White flies,
  • mites,
  • gray mold,
  • Sitona.
Therefore, dispose of all remnants carefully, so that you can be safe from pests that they can transfer to other plants. If the leaves do not come off, they can be cut apart a stump. Look for your Fuchsie in a bright, cool and above all frost-free room with an ideal temperature of 4-12 degrees Celsius. Some degree of humidity should also be present. Plant pots should ideally be placed on a table and not on the cold floor. The roots are very sensitive to cold during the rest period. In order for the air to circulate unhindered, the plants must not be too close to each other. A conservatory or cool greenhouse can be perfect for hibernating your plants. However, if your fuchsias have already discarded all the leaves, you can overwinter them in a dark cellar. For dry cellars with a temperature of 6 to 8 degrees Celsius they are ideal.
Winter care rituals
If you want to give diseased plants a chance and also hibernate them, then it is advisable to generously shorten fuchsias and especially store them separately. To avoid the spread of the disease, it is necessary to thoroughly clean the tool after use. In the following period, water your plants regularly and make sure that the sensitive root balls are always well hydrated. Hardy winter fusions should be protected from freezing on the outside with a layer of peat. However, it is normal for the top of the winter fuchsia freeze to freeze. Only in spring do new shoots return, and the old ones, dried up, are cut. However, there are also very special Fuchsiensorten that can tolerate temperatures down to minus 20 degrees. Never leave fuchsias outdoors during the winter in the flowerpot. The plant would freeze along with the roots.
Loving care - irrepressible colors
Being a balcony or a tub, fuchsias are ideal and enchant many viewers with their color splendor. To enjoy your plants for a long time, you should pay attention to some essential things in terms of care, but especially during hibernation. Your plants thank you in the spring with new shoots and steady growth.
Care in the summer
Depending on the Fuchsienart the plants love the sun, partial shade or even shade. It is best to inquire about the right location for the purchase. Most fuchsias, however, love shade. As a general rule: Triphylla hybrids are also suitable for full sun, while pure hybrids prefer shady locations.
The location of the fuchsia should be airy, but sheltered from the wind. Ensure sufficient sowing distance. Conveniently, a place under a translucent roof, as the plant is protected from direct sunlight and rain.
The bottom of a fuchsia should be harsh. Particularly suitable azalea, but also a mixture of rotten compost, garden soil, cattle growing medium and possibly cow dung. Instead of cow dung, horn shavings, bone meal and potassium magnesium or long-term fertilizer can also be added.
Fuchsias need a lot of water. In case of lack of water, the plants lose leaves. Fuchsias love warm, humid air. If it's too hot, they don't grow that well. Fuchsias are one of the few plants that bloom profusely in a rainy summer, as they thrive best in temperatures between 16 and 24 ° C and high humidity. Most flowers drive plants in spring and fall. At high temperatures it is recommended to regularly spray fuchsias with water, otherwise the buds wither and the leaves fall off. The roots of fuchsia must not dry out. Under no circumstances should fuchsia be poured with hard water. The ideal is rainwater.
Fertilize once or twice a week with a nitrogen fertilizer.
So that the flowering power does not exist, the seed capsules must be removed regularly. Wilted and sick leaves should also be plastered.
Fuchsia hibernation takes place in a bright, cool room at temperatures between 5 and 10 ° C. Only very few species are hardy. Even with those frosts but all parts above ground in frost.
Blue-white fuchsias are particularly sensitive, too much sun or water can easily relax.
In nature, fuchsias multiply through seeds. In horticulture, propagation occurs almost exclusively by cuttings. These roots quickly when the heat of the soil is 18 to 20 degrees Celsius. The cuttings do not tolerate sun and drafts and must be protected from evaporation. The substrate used is a nutrient-poor (2: 1) peat sand mixture.
The cuttings can also be rooted in waterglasses. Rustic Fuschie and robust hybrids form root shoots. These underground parts of the stem axis can be separated and replanted with the root attached.
If the humidity is too high, gray rot can manifest itself in fuchsia. Fuchsia rust also occurs, a disease triggered by a fungus. This uses willowherb as an intermediate host. So you shouldn't grow both plants together. Plant pests include aphids, spider mites, caterpillars and the whitefly.

Fuchsia exorticata

Fuchsia exorticata is a shrub-like plant from New Zealand. It is grown in pots outdoors and in ideal conditions it can reach 10 meters in height, in the stems the leaves are alternate with the upper side of dark green and whitish in the lower one. Flowering occurs between spring and early summer, the flowers are initially greenish yellow and then turn dark red. The flower petals surround long blue stamens.

Video: Figuring out Fuchsias. The Best Hardy Fuchsias and How to Look After Them


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