Typhon (Tifeo) - Greek deity

Typhon (Tifeo) - Greek deity

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The Giants, illustration Gustave Dorè, Divine Comedy, Hell, Canto XXXI

Typhon or Tifeo son of Gaea and Tartarus was a Giant and in the Greek mythology he was the personification of the south wind ivy the father of all the bloodiest winds and the most horrible monsters. He will in fact generate the Sphinx, Garden, Leo, Nemeus, Cerberus, the Hydra of Lerna and Chimera.

It had been conceived by his mother Gaea with the intent of dethroning Zeus against whom she was angry because he had imprisoned the Titans (see myth: The birth of the world). In fact, Typhon attacked Zeus in Olympus, at the sight of which all the gods ran away turning into animals. Only Zeus remained and faced him but he was defeated by him and imprisoned in a cave in Cilicia after cutting the tendons of his wrists and ankles. Hermes managed to heal him and free him. Zeus then resumed the fight against Typhon and this time he managed to win by throwing Sicily at him.

Typhon was represented as a monster with a hundred dragon heads and was much taller than any existing mountain.

Places of the Myth of Tifeo - Tifone

The Giants, illustration Gustave Dorè, Divine Comedy, Hell, Canto XXXI

The myth of Tifeo (Typhon) is, in some respects, similar to that of Enceladus.

In Greek mythology Typhon (Tifeo) is the son of Gaea (Mother earth) and Tartarus (personification of the underworld). Tifeo was a giant, as was Enceladus, one of the Giants who participated in the so-called Gigantomachy, in one of the many fights against Zeus (Jupiter). Tifeo was the personification of the south wind and was the father of all the bloodiest winds. According to the poet Aeschylus, Typhon was confined to Etna and was the cause of eruptions. Even Hesiod, in Theogony, places the titan under Mount Etna.

Another version of the myth tells the birth of Tifeo in another way, Gaea, saddened because Zeus had destroyed the Giants, slandered Zeus at his wife Hera and the latter I think is turning to Cronus (Saturn), the pre-Olympic divinity, father of Zeus who had it to death (we could say so) with his son, having been ousted by him. Cronus, king of the Titans and of fertility, thought of a particular strategy, he masturbated, dropping his semen on two eggs that he gave to Hera, telling him to bury them as they would generate a demon capable of ousting Zeus. This demon was Typhon himself.

Typhon did not look very good, indeed he was, as a demon, ugly, very ugly: half man and half animal was higher than all the mountains and, often, his head hit the stars. He spat fire from his mouth and eyes. The legs were formed of coiled dragons from which snakes emerged in the center. When Typhon ascended Mount Olympus, all the gods, including Zeus, at his sight, fled to Egypt turning into animals and giving life to the local cult of animals:

  • Zeus (Jupiter) turned into a ram
  • Apollo in crow
  • Dionysus (Free) in goat
  • Artemis (Diana) in cat
  • It was (Juno) in cow
  • Aphrodite (Venus) in fish
  • Hermes (Mercury) in ibis

"And that Tifeo, son of the Earth, got there, forcing the gods to hide in disguise: Leader of the pack", he said, "he became Jupiter, so in Libya even today Ammon is depicted with curved horns the god of Delos himself changed into a crow, the son of Sèmele into a goat, the sister of Phoebus into a cat into a snowy cow, the daughter of Saturn was hidden, Venus into a fish and in the feathers of an ibis Mercury "[1].

Zeus was called to order by his daughter Athena (Minerva), goddess of war but also of reason, who reminded him that he was the supreme god of Olympus and guarantor of world harmony. Zeus, therefore, faced Tifeo but he was defeated by him and imprisoned in a cave in Cilicia after cutting the tendons of his wrists and ankles. Hermes and Pan found his tendons, freed him and healed him. Zeus then resumed the fight against Typhon and this time he managed to win by throwing Sicily at him. Popular tradition has it that Typhon supports Sicily, in fact, his body is positioned with the head towards the east, the feet towards the west and the two arms stretched perpendicular to the body along the north-south axis: Typhon supports Messina with his right hand , Pachino with the left, Trapani is resting on his feet and the cone of Etna is right on his mouth, facing upwards. Every time he gets mad, Tifeo causes fire and lava to vomit from Etna and every time he tries to free himself from captivity, the earth trembles, triggering earthquakes.

Zeus throws lightning at Typhon, black-figure Chalcidian hydria, 550 BC, Staatliche Antikensammlungen - Munich (Source: Wikipedia).

"Immense on the limbs of a giant the island of Trinacria stretches: under its enormous weight it holds Tifeo, who had dared to aspire to the seats of the celestials, crushed.

It is true that he struggles and struggles to get up, but he is above his right hand Peloro, near the Ausonia, above the left you, Pachino Lilibeo he presses his legs, over his head theEtna and Typhon, lying on the bottom with his angry mouth, erupts lava and vomits flames.

Often he tries to remove the crust that oppresses him and to shake off cities and mountains: then the earth trembles and even the king of the dead fears that the ground will break, that a chasm will reveal its secrets and that the light, breaking through, will sow. among the shadows, terror and chaos. "[2]

The Myth in the IWB Register of the Sicily Region

The Sicily Region has entered the Myth of Tifeo - Typhon in the LIM register (Places of identity and memory) - Places of gods and minor divinities.

Places indicated on the IWB:

  • Etna volcano
  • Capo Passero (Pachino, province of Syracuse)
  • Capo Peloro (Messina)
  • Capo Lillibeo (Marsala, province of Trapani)

[1] Ovid - The Metamorphoses - Fifth Book

[2] Ovid - The Metamorphoses - Fifth Book

Sicily Heritage Award 2013 - from an idea by Ignazio Caloggero:

Card insertion: Ignazio Caloggero

Information contributions: Ignazio Caloggero, Region of Sicily

  • 1 Immortals
    • 1.1 Major gods and goddesses
    • 1.2 Primal or primeval gods
    • 1.3 Titans
    • 1.4 Giants, hecatonchirs and others
      • 1.4.1 Giants
      • 1.4.2 Other giants and monsters
    • 1.5 Concepts personified
    • 1.6 Chthonic deities
    • 1.7 Divinity of water
    • 1.8 Divinity of air and sky
    • 1.9 Deity of the woods
    • 1.10 Agricultural deities
    • 1.11 Divinity of health
    • 1.12 Other deities
  • 2 Mortals
    • 2.1 Demigods
    • 2.2 Heroes
    • 2.3 Heroines
    • 2.4 Seers and soothsayers
    • 2.5 Amazons
  • 3 Related items
  • 4 External links

The Greeks created images of deities for several purposes. A temple often housed a statue of it and was often decorated with bas-relief or high-relief scenes. Their images were featured on sarcophagi, frescoes, mosaics, coins, alabastron, amphorae or other ceramics, where mythological scenes were represented, as well as appearing in literature and other arts.

The three most important deities are: Zeus (father and king of the gods, last son of the titan Cronus, brother of Poseidon and Hades and first in order of importance), Poseidon (brother of Zeus and Hades and king of the seas, 2nd in importance ) and Hades (brother of Zeus and Poseidon, lord of the Underworld and 3rd in importance).

Major gods and goddesses Edit

King of the underworld, of death, remorse and resentment. His wife is Persephone. Its symbols or attributes are the scepter, the throne, a vase (a kantharos or a patera), the helmet received as a gift from the Cyclops with the gift of invisibility in the shadows, a wolf pelt and the three-headed dog Cerberus. . Animals sacred to him are the wolf, the snake and the owl. He was one of the three sons of Cronus and Rhea who, in the division of the three kingdoms among the three brothers (Poseidon, Zeus and Hades), obtained that of the underworld. As a chthonic deity, however, his place in Olympus is ambiguous. According to most of the traditions, Zeus forbade him access to Olympus. In mystery religions and Athenian literature it appears under the name of Pluto (Πλούτων, "the rich man"), and the name Hades or Avernus is given to his kingdom. In fact, the Romans translated it as Pluto or also Dis Pater (Say).

Goddess of love, beauty, desire, fertility and carnal pleasure. Although married to Hephaestus, she had several lovers, among which the best known are Ares, Adonis, and Anchises. She was always represented as a beautiful woman and is the goddess who most often appears naked or half-naked. Poets appreciate his smile and laughter. Among its symbols we find roses and other flowers, shells, mother of pearl, and myrtle. The animals sacred to her were doves and sparrows. Its correspondent in Roman mythology is Venus.

God of music, arts, knowledge, care, prophecy, male beauty, archery and the sun. He is the son of Zeus and Leto and has a twin sister, Artemis. As brother and sister they were identified with the sun and the moon and both used bows and arrows. In older myths he competes with Hermes, his half-brother. In the sculptures he is represented as a very handsome boy, without a beard and with long hair, with an ideal physique. Being a perfectionist he could be cruel and destructive, and his loves are rarely happy. For example, the useless courtship of the nymph Daphne, both victims of Eros who had hit him with an arrow of love (to punish him for his vanity) and she with one of hatred. She was transformed into a laurel and therefore Apollo adored the leaves and often wears them (laurel wreaths, which were also worn by Greek athletes), also carrying a lyre. He often appears in the company of muses. Animals sacred to him include roe deer, swans, cicadas, hawks, ravens, foxes, mice, wolves, and snakes. Also in Roman mythology he was called Apollo.

God of war, bloodshed and violence. Son of Zeus and Hera, he was represented as a beardless young man, often wearing a helmet or a spear or a sword, naked or dressed as a warrior. Homer describes him as unreliable, humoral, sanguine, in contrast to Athena, who instead has strategy and control in war. The animals sacred to him are the vulture, the poisonous snake, the wild boar and the ravens that guarded his temple. His Roman correspondent is Mars, but he was seen as the progenitor of the people of Rome, and generally represented more adult.

Virgin goddess of the hunt, of the wild, of animals, of the forest, and of the moon, protector of girls, virgins and painless childbirth. In later times it was associated with the bow and arrows. She was the daughter of Zeus and Leto, and was the twin sister of Apollo. She is often depicted as a young woman, wearing a short chiton whose skirt reaches above her knees, and carries a bow and quiver with her. Its symbols include hunting spears, a half moon at the head, furs, deer and other wild animals. Animals sacred to her, in addition to the deer, include bears, wild boars, dogs and other woodland animals. Its Roman correspondent is Diana.

Virgin goddess of intelligence, peace, manual arts, military strategy (or the noblest aspect of war, contrary to Ares, who dealt with the most brutal and evil aspects), artifacts and wisdom. According to most traditions it was born from the head of Zeus, already formed and armed. She was represented wearing a helmet with crest, armed with a shield and sword, with an aegis over a long robe. Goddess "with glaucous eyes" (blue, shiny), or in any case with special light and flashes of cunning. He protected Greek heroes such as Odysseus or Diomedes and the city of Athens (named in his honor). Its symbols are the olive tree and the owl. The corresponding Roman goddess is Minerva.

Goddess of cereals, flora, agriculture, harvest, growth and nutrition. She is the daughter of Cronus and Rhea and sister of Zeus, from whom she had Persephone. He was one of the major deities of the Eleusinian mysteries, where his power over the life cycle of plants symbolizes the passage of the human soul from life to the afterlife. She was represented as a mature woman, often with a crown, a bundle of grasses and a torch. Its symbols are the cornucopia, the ear, the winged serpent, and the lotus with the stem. The animals sacred to her are pigs and snakes. The corresponding Roman deity is Ceres.

God of wine, parties, madness, chaos, drunkenness, drugs and ecstasy. The origin comes from ancient Chios, which was his home. He has been represented as an old man with a beard or a cute and effeminate boy with long hair. Its symbols include a thyrsus (stick with a pine cone on top), a drinking cup, bunches of grapes and a crown of ivy. He is often the company of a thiasus, a procession of assistants that include satyrs, maenads (or bacchantes), and his silenus tutor. According to some versions, his wife was Ariadne, abandoned by Theseus on the island of Naxos and found by the god. The animals sacred to him were dolphins, tigers, cheetahs, donkeys and snakes. Being born a mortal, even though son of Zeus, for having invented wine, the gods decide to reward him by granting him a throne on Oimpo, where he will replace Hestia. Another name of his was Bacchus, with whom he will be resumed among the Romans.

God of fire, metallurgy, and crafts. Son of Zeus and Hera, or her only, he is the blacksmith of the gods, husband of Aphrodite. Typically represented as a man with a beard, a hammer, an anvil or pincers, sometimes astride a donkey. The animals sacred to him were the donkey, but also the guard dog and the crane. Among his creations were the weapons of Achilles. If in Greek mythology Hephaestus used fire as a creative force, among the Romans he was a more terrible god, with destructive powers and associated with volcanoes, as his Roman name Vulcan also attests.

Queen of the gods and goddess of marriage, adult women, inheritance, kings and empires. She is the wife and sister of Zeus, daughter of Cronus and Rhea. She was usually represented in a royal attitude, in adulthood, wearing a diadem and a veil covering her head, sometimes holding a lotus stem. Although she was the goddess of marriage, Zeus was very unfaithful to her and this caused her jealousy and a thirst for revenge. For example, when he betrayed her with Alcmena, from whom Heracles was born, she persecuted the latter with hard work and eventually drove him mad. Another story says that he adopted and fed him. The animals sacred to her were the cow, the peacock and the cuckoo. In Rome she was known as Juno.

God of borders, travels, communications, commercial exchanges, languages ​​and writing, protector of travelers, vagabonds and travelers. Son of Zeus and Maia, he was the messenger of the gods and a psychopomp who accompanied the souls of the departed in the afterlife. He was represented as an athletic young man without a beard, but also as a bearded old man with a huge phallus. Its symbols include a caduceus, sandals with wings, a petasus or other travel hat. The animals sacred to him were the tortoise, the rooster and the vulture. The Roman correspondent Mercury was more closely connected with trade.

Virgin goddess of the hearth and chastity, protector of homes. She is the eldest daughter of Rhea and Cronus, sister of Zeus, of Poseidon, Hades, Hera and Demeter. Not always identifiable in Greek art, she appears as a humble woman with a head covered with a veil. Its symbols are the hearth, the circle, the house, the heart and the pot. In some stories she gives up her place among the Olympians in favor of Dionysus. In Roman mythology it corresponds to Vesta, which instead has a greater role, also for the institution of the vestals.

God of the sea, rivers, lakes, floods, tsunamis and earthquakes. He is the son of Cronus and Rhea, brother of Zeus, Hades, Hera, Estia and Demeter. Rule over one of the three kingdoms, as king of the seas and waters. In classical representations he is seen as a mature man, of robust build, with a showy beard, and holding a trident. The animals sacred to him are the horse and the dolphin. His marriage with Amphitrite is represented with a triumphal procession (Tritone was born from them). Some tales say that he had an affair with Medusa, from which Pegasus was born, who came out while Perseus cut off her head. Its symbols are the trident, the horse (Poseidon and Athena fought over Attica: Poseidon created the horse from the foam of the sea, Athena the olive tree from the earth after a long reflection, the Athenians proclaimed Athena the winner), the dolphin, the fish and the bull. Its Roman correspondent is Neptune.

King and father of the gods, he is the leader of Olympus, god of the sky, weather, thunder and lightning, law, order and justice. He is the youngest son of Cronus and Rhea and has dethroned his father from himself, acquiring the power of heaven. He is represented with royal attributes, a stout figure with a dark beard. Its symbols are the scepter, the thunderbolt (his weapon, according to the myths capable of throwing lightning at the will of the divinity) and lightning. The animals sacred to him are the eagle and the bull. Its Roman correspondent is Jupiter, also the supreme head of the other gods.

Primal or primeval gods Edit

Ancient Greek name Italian name Description
Χάος (Cháos) Chaos The nothing from which everything comes. Described as a void.
Χρόνος (Chrònos) Chrono God of time, not to be confused with Cronus, leader of the titans.
Γαῖα (Gaia) Gaea Personification of the Earth, mother of the titans.
Ὕπνος (Hýpnos) Hypno Personification of sleep.
Τάρταρος (Tártaros) Tartar God of the deepest and darkest part of the underworld.
Θάλασσα (Thálassa) Thalassas She too personification of the sea and wife of Pontus.
Νύξ (Nýx) Night Goddess of the night.
Οὐρανός (Ūranòs) Uranus Personification of the sky.
Ἔρεβος (Érebos) Erebus Personification of darkness.

Titans Edit

The titans are represented in Greek art less often than the Olympians.

Temi, from the temple of Nemesis (ca. 300 BC).

Athena looks at Prometheus creating humans (3rd century AD).

Greek nameItalian nameDescription
The twelve titans
Κοῖος (Kòios)CEOTitan of the intellect and axis of the sky around which the constellations rotate.
Κρεῖος (Krèios)CryoThe least represented of the twelve titans is the father of Astreo, Pallante and Perse.
Κρόνος (Crónos)ChronoLeader of the Titans, who dethroned his father Uranus and was in turn dethroned by his son Zeus. Not to be confused with Chronos, god of time.
Ὑπερίων (Hyperíōn)HyperionTitan of light. With Teia, he is the father of Elio (sun), Selene (moon), and Eos (aurora).
Ἰαπετός (Iapetós)IapetusTitan of mortality and father of Prometheus, Epimetheus, Menenius and Atlas.
Mνημοσύνη (Mnēmosýnē)MnemosineTitaness of memory and remembrance, mother of the nine muses.
Ὠκεανός (Ōkeanós)OceanRiver titan that revolves all around the earth and is the source of all running water.
Φοίβη (Phòibē)PhoebeTitaness of the witty mind and prophecy, wife of CEO.
Ῥέα (Rhéā)ReaTitaness of fertility, motherhood and the mountains. She is the sister and wife of Cronus, mother of Zeus, Hades, Poseidon, Hera, Demeter and Hestia.
Τηθύς (Tēthýs)ThetisFresh water titaness, mother of rivers, springs, streams, streams, fountains and clouds.
Θεία (Thèiā)TeiaTitaness of sight and the brilliant light of the blue sky. She is the wife of Hyperion and mother of Elio, Selene and Eos.
Θέμις (Thémis)ThemesTitaness of divine law and order.
Other titans
Ἀστερία (Asteríā)AsteriaTitaness of nocturnal oracles and shooting stars.
Ἀστραῖος (Astràios)AstreusTitan of twilight, stars, planets and the art of astrology.
Ἄτλας (Átlas)AtlasTitan forced by Zeus to carry the heavens on his shoulders. He is the son of Iapetus.
Αὔρα (Aura)AuraTitaness of the breeze and fresh early morning air.
Κλυμένη (Clyménē)ClimeneTitaness of fame, recognition and infamy. She is the wife of Iapetus.
Διώνη (Diṑnē)DioneTitaness of the Oracle of Dodona.
Ἥλιος (Hḕlios)heliumTitan of the sun and guardian of oaths.
Σελήνη (Selḕnē)SeleneTitaness of the moon.
Ἠώς (Ēṑs)EosTitaness of the dawn.
Ἐπιμηθεύς (Epimēthèus)EpimetheusTitan of second thoughts and father of excuses.
Εὐρυβία (Eurybíā)EuribiaTitaness of mastery of the seas and wife of Crio.
Εὐρυνόμη (Eurynómē)EurinomeTitaness of dew and pastures, mother of the three Charites of Zeus.
Λήλαντος (Lḕlantos)LelantoTitan of the air and the ability to hunt and prey. It is the masculine part of Latona.
Λητώ (Lētṑ)LatonaTitaness of motherhood and mother of the twins Artemis and Apollo.
Μενοίτιος (Menòitios)MeneniusTitan of violent rage, sudden action and human mortality. Killed by Zeus.
Μῆτις (Mḕtis)MetiTitaness of good advice, warnings, planning, cunning, skill and wisdom. Mother of Athena.
Ὀφίων (Ophíōn)OphionPredecessor Titan who in some versions of the myth ruled the Earth with his wife Eurinome, before Kronos ousted him. Another story describes him as a snake born from the "egg of the world".
Πάλλας (Pállas)PallanteTitan of the craft of war. Killed by Athena during the Titanomachy.
Πέρσης (Pérsēs)LostTitan of destruction.
Προμηθεύς (Promēthèus)PrometheusTitan of foresight and good advice, creator of the human race.
Στύξ (Stýx)StyxTitaness of the submerged river Styx, personification of hatred.

Giants, Hecatonchirs, and Others Edit

Giants Edit

The giants were the sons of Gaea (Earth), born of the blood that blossomed when Uranus (Heaven) was castrated by their titan son Cronus, who fought the gigantomachy, a war with the Olympians for the supremacy of the cosmos. They understand:

  • Agrio (Ἄγριος), killed by the Moirae.
  • Alcyoneus (Ἀλκυονεύς), killed by Heracles.
  • Anatto (Ἀνάττος), giant father (but for some son) of Asterius.
  • Asterius (Ἀστέριος), lidic giant killed by Miletus.
  • Chtonio (Χθόνιος).
  • Clitium (Κλυτίος), killed by Hecate with torches.
  • Enceladus (Ἐγκέλαδος), killed by Athena, buried under Etna.
  • Ephialtes (Ἐφιάλτης), according to the Library (Pseudo-Apollodorus) blinded by the arrows of Apollo and Heracles.
  • Eurimedonte (Εὐρυμέδων), one of the kings of the giants and father of Peribea.
  • Eurytus (Εὔρυτος), killed by Dionysus with his thyrsus.
  • Gration (Γρατίων), killed by Artemis.
  • Hippolytus (Ἱππόλυτος), killed by Hermes while wearing a helmet that made him invisible.
  • Leo (Λέων), possible giant, killed by Heracles.
  • Mimante (Μίμας), killed by Hephaestus or, according to others, by Zeus or Ares.
  • Pallante (Πάλλας), killed by Athena who used her skin to build her own aegis.
  • Polybotes (Πολυβώτης), killed by Poseidon.
  • Porphyry (Πορφυρίων), one of the leaders of the giants, killed by Zeus.
  • Toante (Θόων), killed by the Moirae.

Typhon (Tifeo) - Greek deity

The Giants, illustration Gustave Dorи, Divine comedy, Inferno, canto XXXI

Typhon or Tifeo son of Gaea and Tartarus was a Giant and in Greek mythology he was the personification of the south wind and was the father of all the bloodiest winds and the most horrible monsters. In fact, he generated the Sphinx, Garden, Leo, Nemeus, Cerberus, the Hydra of Lerna and Chimera.

It had been conceived by the mother Gaea with the intent to dethrone Zeus against whom she was angry because he had imprisoned the Titans (see myth "The birth of the world"). In fact, Typhon attacked Zeus in Olympus at the sight of which all the gods ran away turning into animals. Only Zeus remained and faced him but he was defeated by him and imprisoned in a cave in Cilicia after having cut the tendons of his wrists and ankles. Hermes, however, managed to heal and free him. Zeus then resumed the fight against Typhon and this time he managed to win by throwing Sicily at him.

Typhon was represented as a monster with a hundred dragon heads and was much taller than any existing mountain.

Typhon climbed to Mount Olympus and frightened the gods so much that they turned into animals and took refuge in Egypt (where they would give birth to the local cult of animal gods). Thus were the gods transformed:
Zeus became a ram,

  • Aphrodite fish,
  • Crow Apollo,
  • Dionysus goat,
  • It was a white cow,
  • Artemis a cat,
  • Ares a boar,
  • Hermes an ibis,
  • Hades a jackal,

Pan turned only her lower part into a fish and hid in a river.
Zeus was harshly rebuked by his daughter Athena, who reminded him how the fate of humanity depended on him. The two deities thus also assumed gigantic proportions and faced the monster on Mount Casio, on the border of Egypt. In the first, very hard battle, Athena was knocked out in a few moments, but immediately afterwards Zeus was able to repel Typhon with a powerful lightning bolt and then to knock him down with a scythe. But when the king of the gods approached to deliver the decisive blow, Typhon snatched the weapon from his hands and severely wounded him, then imprisoning him in a cave in Cilicia. Hermes and Pan then rushed to save Zeus. Pan frightened the monster with his screams, while Hermes freed Zeus from prison and cured him. The god reached Olympus, took the lead of his winged chariot and began to chase the giant, taken by surprise by his reaction. A first violent battle took place on Mount Nisa and a second in Thrace, where Typhon, now out of control, tried to stop Zeus by throwing whole mountains at him, but each time the God struck him relentlessly with lightning. Eventually Typhon fled to the west and arrived in Sicily he attempted a desperate defense by lifting the whole island to throw it against the King of Olympus. At this point, Zeus threw at the giant a last, very powerful lightning bolt that hit him in full. Typhon lost his grip and was crushed under the island which collapsed on him.

The legend of Enceladus on the origins of Sicily and Etna

In this battle i 24 Giants driven by Alcioneo they had to resist lightning and the boulders thrown by the gods.

There was also among the Giants Enceladus, son of Gaea (representing the earth), who during the stages of the battle in an attempt to flee from opponents was hit and sunk by a huge boulder of triangular shape launched by goddess Athena right in the center of the mediterranean.

That boulder from the triangular shape in the myth of Enceladus depicts the Sicily with Enceladus which got stuck under the weight in the middle of the Mediterranean.

The body of the Giant was covered by the island with legs joined towards the promontory of Chief Lilibeo (Marsala), the bust in the center under the city of Enna, arms facing the headlands of Capo Peloro (Messina) and Chief Sparrow (Pachino-Syracuse) and the head with the mouth positioned just below theEtna.

Legend has it that thevolcanic activity ofEtna is caused precisely by fiery breaths del Gigante still blocked and that the continuous earthquakes are caused by Enceladus' attempt to move from underground.

The myth of Tifeo on the formation of Sicily and Etna

Other legend similar, based on the origins of Etna and the island, is that of Typhon (or Typhon), son of Gaea (as well as Enceladus and the other Giants) who tried to redeem himself from the previous defeat against the gods.

This time the battle between Typhon, giant with a monstrous appearance (many approaching it to a dragon with a hundred heads), e Zeus risked being won by the first. The King of Olympus, in fact, he was saved by the intervention of Hermes and Pan who, after a battle, put him back on his feet.

Another precious intervention was that of the Moire (the Klothes, representatives of destiny) who, after having refreshed Tifeo with fruits usually destined for mortals, weakened the Giant who was wounded by a reinvigorated Zeus on Mount Emo.

Typhon he started to escape but was stopped during his escape by Zeus, just in Sicily, which it imprisoned under the island, always with the same position already represented by the myth of Enceladus: the arms and legs turned towards the three headlands of the island and the mouth under theEtna (in the photo you can see well).

Two fascinating legends which, in addition to addressing the mythological aspect of the origins of Sicily, have tried since ancient times to give an explanation to the eruptions and telluric movements near Etna.

Gigantomachy [edit | edit source]

Typhoon (テ ュ ポ ン, Typhon ? ), also called Tifeo, is a god, the last of the Giants born of Gaia and Tartarus, whose body had been torn to pieces by Athena and whose will had been imprisoned under Etna briefly took possession of the body of Mei , subsequently absorbs the cosmos of Agrio and Toante killing them and then passes into the body of Enceladus, assuming a powerful aspect. God with an asymmetrical appearance (half body burns fire, the other half is crossed by an impetuous wind and flashes of blue light), his Adamas is made of onyx, a dark color, which "pokes out and covers the flesh like a fingernail fingers".

After absorbing the remains of the cosmos of the three Giants, his children killed by the Knights of Athena is about to take possession of his real body given birth by Echidna (similar to an aborted fetus headless of a precious stone more transparent than crystal, a dark colored diamond), but it is destroyed by the flames of Wings of the phoenix of Phoenix before it succeeds in its intent.

Furious, the god is confronted by Mei who manages to imprison him with him in the suspended cage of time closed by the seal of Athena.

He has no fighting techniques or special blows, but a simple outpouring of divine fury (flames from one fist, lightning from another, storm that cuts the rock from the kicks, impetuous energy from the mouth and deadly from the eyes, with which he cuts the legs. by Mei just looking at it).

TYPHOON: monstrous giant of Greek mythology, which contended with Zeus for domination of the world.
When Zeus defeated the Titans and locked them up in Tartarus or when the Olympians defeated the Giants, Gaea (the Earth Mother) in revenge lay with Tartarus in the cave of Coricia in Cilicia and fathered the youngest of his sons, Typhon: the bigger monster that ever saw the light of the sun. Dalle cosce in giпїЅ era tutto un groviglio di serpenti e le sue braccia che, allargate coprivano cento leghe in ogni direzione, avevano innumerevoli teste di serpenti in luogo di mani. La sua orrenda testa d'asino toccava le stelle, le sue ampie ali oscuravano il sole, fiamme uscivano dai suoi occhi.
Quando si lanciпїЅ all'assalto dell'Olimpo, gli dпїЅi fuggirono terrorizzati in Egitto dove si travestirono da animali: Zeus divenne un ariete, Apollo un corvo, Dioniso un caprone, Era una vacca bianca, Efesto un bue, Artemide un gatto, Afrodite un pesce, Ares un cinghiale, Ermete un ibis e cosпїЅ via. Soltanto Atena non si mosse e rimproverпїЅ Zeus per la sua codardia finchпїЅ il sommo dio, riassumendo le sue vere sembianze, scagliпїЅ da lontano dei fulmini contro Tifone e, lottando a corpo a corpo, l'abbattпїЅ con il medesimo falcetto di cui s'era servito per castrare Urano. Ferito e ululante, Tifone si rifugiпїЅ sul monte Casio, e colпїЅ il mostro, che era soltanto ferito, avvolse Zeus nelle sue mille spire, gli strappпїЅ il falcetto e dopo aver tagliato i tendini delle sue mani e dei suoi piedi lo trascinпїЅ nella grotta di Coricia. Nascose i tendini di Zeus in una pelle d'orso e li affidпїЅ alla custodia di Delfine, sua sorella, un mostro per metпїЅ donna e per metпїЅ serpente.
La notizia della sconfitta di Zeus sparse il panico tra gli dпїЅi, ma Ermete e Pan si recarono segretamente alla grotta di Coricia, dove Pan terrorizzпїЅ Delfine con un improvviso orribile urlo, mentre Ermete abilmente sottraeva i tendini per rimetterli nelle membra di Zeus che ritornпїЅ sull'Olimpo e, salito su un carro trainato da cavalli alati, inseguпїЅ di nuovo Tifone scagliando folgori. Tifone era andato sul monte Nisa, dove le tre Moire gli offrirono frutti effimeri facendogli credere che gli avrebbero ridonato forza, mentre invece lo predisponevano a sicura morte. Tifone raggiunse poi il monte Emo in Tracia e, accatastando le montagne l'una sull'altra, le fece rotolare verso Zeus che, protetto da una cortina di folgori, riuscпїЅ a salvarsi mentre le montagne rimbalzavano indietro su Tifone, ferendolo in modo spaventoso. I fiumi di sangue sgorgati dal corpo di Tifone diedero al monte Emo il suo nome. Il mostro volпїЅ poi in Sicilia, dove Zeus pose fine alla sua fuga schiacciandolo sotto il monte Etna, che da quel giorno sputa fuoco.
Si attribuisce a Tifone la paternitпїЅ di vari mostri ch'egli generпїЅ da Echidna, figlia di Calliroe e di Crisaore, e cioпїЅ Cerbero, il cane infernale a tre teste l'Idra, serpente acquatico dalle molte teste che viveva a Lerna la Chimera, capra che sputava fiamme, con la testa di leone e la coda di serpente la Scrofa di Crommione l'avvoltoio che torturпїЅ Prometeo Ladone, il drago che sorvegliava i pomi d'oro delle Esperidi Ortro, il cane a due teste di Gerione, che giacque con la propria madre e generпїЅ in lei la Sfinge di Tebe e il Leone Nemeo.

TINDAREO: re di Sparta, figlio di Ebalo o di Periere e della naiade Batia o di Gorgofone.
Alla morte di Ebalo, Ippocoonte, fratellastro di Tindareo, lo scacciпїЅ da Sparta insieme col fratello Icario, benchпїЅ taluni dicano che Icario fosse d'accordo con Ippocoonte. Tindareo riparпїЅ presso il re Testio in Etolia, del quale sposпїЅ piпїЅ tardi la figlia Leda lo aiutпїЅ in alcune imprese di guerra infine partecipпїЅ a una spedizione di Eracle contro Ippocoonte e i suoi dodici figli. Dopo la conclusione vittoriosa di questa impresa, Tindareo riconquistпїЅ il trono di Sparta. Leda gli diede molti figli: Elena era figlia di Zeus e lo erano anche i Dioscuri, Castore e Polideuce le altre figlie, Clitemnestra, Timandra, Filonoe e Febe, erano figlie di Tindareo.
Quando Tieste uccise Atreo, Agamennone e Menelao si rifugiarono a Sparta dove Tindareo diede loro in spose rispettivamente Clitemnestra ed Elena e li aiutпїЅ a riconquistare il regno di Micene per Agamennone, il maggiore dei fratelli. Clitemnestra era in realtпїЅ giпїЅ sposata a Tantalo, re di Pisa e figlio di Brotea, ma Agamennone lo uccise insieme al figlio e la sposпїЅ. La mano di Elena era stata chiesta, a causa della sua grande bellezza, da tutti i piпїЅ importanti principi greci. In veritпїЅ Teseo di Atene l'aveva giпїЅ portata via da Sparta con l'intenzione di sposarla, ma non era ancora in etпїЅ da marito (aveva infatti dodici anni appena) e l'eroe l'aveva affidata a sua madre Etra nel villaggio attico di Afidna. I fratelli di Elena, i Dioscuri, erano perпїЅ giunti a salvarla. Ora tutti i pretendenti alla sua mano giunsero a Sparta e Tindareo si trovпїЅ nella grave difficoltпїЅ di fare la sua scelta. Consigliato da Odisseo sacrificпїЅ un cavallo e chiese a tutti i pretendenti di giurare che avrebbero accettato l'uomo scelto, chiunque egli fosse, e che avrebbero protetto i suoi diritti coniugali. Fu proprio questo giuramento che piпїЅ tardi spinse i principi greci a partecipare alla guerra di Troia per togliere Elena a Paride.
Tindareo diede Elena a Menelao, fratello di Agamennone, i cui doni si dimostrarono i piпїЅ ricchi e premiпїЅ Odisseo aiutandolo a conquistare la mano di sua nipote, Penelope, figlia di Icario.
Un triste fato tuttavia incombeva sul matrimonio di Elena e Menelao: anni prima mentre stava sacrificando agli dпїЅi, Tindareo si era stupidamente scordato di Afrodite che si vendicпїЅ giurando di rendere famose per i loro adulteri le tre figlie del re. Infatti, Clitemnestra tradпїЅ il consorte con Egisto, Elena con Paride e Deifobo e Timandra, la quale aveva sposato Echemo, re dell'Arcadia, con Fileo figlio di Augia.
Tindareo aveva perduto i suoi figli, i Dioscuri, nella battaglia contro Ida e Linceo, chiamпїЅ Menelao a Sparta e gli affidпїЅ il regno. Secondo Euripide visse abbastanza a lungo da accusare Oreste, figlio e uccisore di Clitemnestra, davanti all'Areopago di Atene del delitto di matricidio, o nella stessa Argo, davanti al tribunale del popolo.
Fu uno di coloro che Asclepio risuscitпїЅ da morte ed era onorato come eroe a Sparta.

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